Title: The Gospel According to St. Matthew
Release Date: October 2, 1964
Director: Pier Paolo Pasolini
Production Company: Arco Film | Lux Compagnie Cinématographique de France
Director Pier Paolo Pasolini was an atheist, homosexual, and Marxist, but took seriously Pope John XXIII’s invitation to dialogue with non-Catholic artists. And after all, despite many Christians acting otherwise, the gospels (especially Matthew) tell a story of someone not unlike a Socialist revolutionary. Pasolini used the techniques of Italian neorealism and cinema verite to film his retelling of the gospel. And he cast ordinary farmers and working people, and even his own mother to star in the movie. Jesus is played by Enrique Irazoqui, a Spanish economics student and communist organizer. With olive skin, dark hair, and an impressive unibrow, this is not the the blond-haired, blue-eyed Jesus of Hollywood biblical epics.
The dialogue in the film is almost entirely taken directly from the gospel of Matthew. It was filmed on location in southern Italy, with minimal effort towards creating sets and costumes of the Roman province of Judea 2000 years earlier. In fact, I think the poverty and decrepitude of 1960s rural Italy is very effective for telling the story of Jesus.
This is a long movie, but is artfully done with amazing composition in every shot. I ended up watching it in bits and pieces over several days which worked fine since the gospel is episodic by nature. But I’m sure this movie could also be enjoyed in a single setting. Either way it’s more of a movie to let wash over you and to feel a familiar story in a new way. It’s also interesting that this is clearly a modernist take on telling the Christ story on film, but so very different from Jesus Christ Superstar and Godspell which were a decade away (maybe they’re postmodern?).