This is my entry for “D” in the Blogging A to Z Challenge. Throughout April I will be watching and reviewing a documentary movie from A to Z. Some other “D” documentaries I’ve reviewed are Dark Days, The Day the Series Stopped, The Day the Series Stopped, Decoding Desire, Dear Mr. Watterson, Dolphins, and Don’t You Forget About Me.
Title: The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson
Release Date: October 6, 2017
Director: David France
Production Company: Public Square Films
Marsha P. Johnson was a New York City entertainer and activist, who, among other things, participated in the Stonewall Uprising, was a member of the Gay Liberation Front, co-founded Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR), modeled for Andy Warhol, and participated in ACT-UP. Through her life she is identified as a drag queen, transvestite, or transgender person and even her family use female and male pronouns interchangeably. Her charm and easygoing nature made her a beloved figure in New York’s LGBTQ community and earned her the nickname “Mayor of Christopher Street.” Shortly after the Pride festival in 1992, her body was found in the Hudson River.
The police declared her death a suicide and quickly closed the case, but many in the LGBTQ did not believe Marsha was suicidal and suspected she was murdered. As the movie documents, transgender people are murdered at an inordinate rate, even to this day, with the police failing to investigate the crimes and when someone is actually charged with the offense they receive light sentences. The main focus of this movie is activist Victoria Cruz of the Anti-Violence Project carrying out her own investigation of this cold case 25 years after Marsha’s death.
The story of Marsha P. Johnson is a story that parallels the Gay Liberation movement in New York. Key figures who feature prominently in the movie are Randy Wicker and Sylvia Rivera. Wicker is a gay activist and writer who was Johnson’s housemate for many years. His opposition to a Pride street festival run by the Mafia has contribute to a theory that Martha was killed by the mob. Rivera co-founded STAR with Johnson in 1970 to provide support for homeless drag queens, gay youth, and trans women. She was outspoken against the gay rights movement being dominated by white, cisgender men who left out transgender people and people of color in order to assimilate with mainstream society. In the documentary we learn she left New York City after speaking out at a 1973 rally, but returned after Marsha Johnson’s death. In archival footage, Sylvia Rivera is interviewed while living in a homeless encampment on the Hudson River in the 1990s and suffering from alcoholism. She is able to go cold turkey with the help of friends, and returns to activism, receiving global recognition for being in the vanguard of LGBTQ equality.
I like that I learned a lot about important activists like Cruz, Rivera, and Wicker and others in this movie. It is a bit disappointing that there isn’t as much about Marsha P. Johnson in the movie. But then, I guess that reflects reality. Johnson was taken from this world at a young age and is not here to tell her story. This is a movie that like many a good documentary will make you a little bit smarter, but also a little bit sadder.