Title: It Happened One Night
Release Date: February 22, 1934
Director: Frank Capra
Production Company: Columbia Pictures
It Happened One Night is Frank Capra’s first big hit as a director and the first movie to sweep the five most prominent Academy Awards (Best Picture, Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actress, and Best Actor). It is credit with making interstate bus travel on Greyhound popular while also making undershirts unpopular with men. It’s the template upon which the romantic comedy genre was built. And apparently Clark Gable only appears in this movie because he was being punished by his production company, and nobody involved in making this film had any fun at all (you wouldn’t know from watching this because they’re good actors).
Ellie Andrews (Claudette Colbert) is an heiress who is being held captive by her millionaire father Alexander (Walter Connolly) on his yacht after she elopes with a con artist. Ellie jumps ship and boards a bus from Florida to New York, finding herself on her own in the world without her fortune for the first time. She is helped by a fellow traveler, the smart-mouthed Peter Warne (Gable), who is hiding that he is a recently-fired newspaper reporter hoping to regain his job with a story about traveling with the famous heiress. Traveling by bus, hitchhiking, and eventually stealing a car, the pair fight, escape the law, and naturally fall in love. Despite the title, the movie takes place over several nights and days, allowing their relationship to grow.
Gable and Colbert both play characters who are initially odious but over time reveal their humanity. Colbert is especially good at showing Ellie’s adventurous side as she takes several new experiences in stride. The pair have a great on-screen chemistry especially in a scene where Peter pretends they are a married couple and Ellie jumps in to squabble with him so as to fool the police. Capra also includes some nice non-plot moments that allow the movie to breathe, such as when passengers on the bus take turns in a sing-a-long (no wonder bus travel looked so attractive!).
Despite what I said in The 39 Steps review, I’ve decided that it wasn’t influenced by It Happened One Night, although both movies feature an autogryo! It Happened One Night is a worthy classic and still full of laughs 86 years after it was released.