Author: Colson Whitehead
Title: The Nickel Boys
Publication Info: New York : Doubleday, 
Other Books Read by the Same Author:
Set in the 1960s, with a framing story in the present day, The Nickel Boys tells the story of the boys held at the Nickel Academy reform school in Florida. The protagonist of the story is Elwood Curtis, a studious teenager who begins taking courses at a local college. He is unjustly arrested and prosecuted when he accepts a ride from an acquaintance in what turns out to be a stolen car.
Elwood, an optimistic child inspired by the Civil Rights Movement finds himself among hardened and more cynical inmates including a boy name Turner whom he befriends. Much of the novel details the harsh conditions of the “school” where boys are sexually abused, face severe corporal punishment, and some simply disappear. The segregated facility is also much harsher in its treatment of Black students. As much as Elwood tries to keep his head down and make it through his sentence, his sense of justice brings him into conflict with the authorities.
In the present-day narrative, the graves of boys murdered at the Nickel Academy are uncovered a few years after the institution is closed. Men who survived incarceration at Nickel come forward with stories of their abuse. There’s a big twist in the story that I didn’t see coming and makes me want to reread the book because I’m sure it would change the meaning of a lot of the narrative.
The Nickel Academy is based on a real reform school in Florida, and Whitehead incorporates events described by survivors into his story. The narrative is a grim tale and a microcosm of America’s sins of racial discrimination and the carceral state.