Author: Brian Jay Jones
Title: George Lucas: A Life
Narrator: Jay Snyder
Publication Info: Hachette Audio (2016)
Previously Read by the Same Author: Jim Henson: The Biography
This is a straightforward biography that traces the life of filmmaker George Lucas through his childhood, education, and various creative endeavors. As a child of a strict father in Modesto, California, Lucas took an interest in old movie serials, comic books, and fast cars. When he went to University of Southern California he chose to study cinematography because he wanted to do something in the arts and it sounded like something his father wouldn’t immediately dismiss. Young Lucas showed a talent for experimental filmmaking, especially editing, that made him stand out in his class.
After graduation, Lucas befriended other up and coming young directors, such as Francis Ford Coppola and Steven Spielberg. Jones does a good job of explicating the creative process Lucas went through in creating his most famous films including THX-1138, American Graffiti, Willow, Red Tails, and of course the Star Wars and Indiana Jones series. There’s also considerable detail on Lucas developing LucasFilm, Industrial Light and Magic, and The Skywalker Ranch, all enabling the type of creativity and independence he sought out of reach of the Hollywood moguls.
Qualities of Lucas such as perfectionism and weak interpersonal skills are shown to be both his strengths and weaknesses in film making. His workaholic nature proved too much for his troubled first marriage with the skilled film editor Marcia Griffin, but later in life he would have a more successful relationship with business woman Mellody Hobson.
Jones does a good job of getting inside the life and influences of a private and complex person without being gossipy about it. Lucas’ contributions to movies and the world of entertainment are uncontestable, even if people – including his director friends – believe he was capable of much more. Lucas for his part remains confident in his choices and accepts that audiences may not always be pleased with his vision.
The Princess Diarist by Carrie Fisher
Release Date: 2 October 2011
Director: Ken Burns and Lynn Novick
Production Co: Florentine Films
Country: United States
Genre: Documentary | History
This Ken Burns documentary illustrates the United States’ experiment with banning alcoholic beverages. The story is told in three parts.
Part I documents the adverse effect alcohol consumption had on Americans, especially men, who drank away their pay while women and children suffered poverty and abuse. The Women’s Christian Temperance Union organized to successfully (albeit temporarily) shut down saloons, and inadvertently providing a political outlet for women that helped the suffrage movement. On the other hand, alcohol played an important social role, especially in immigrant communities. The dark side of the temperance movement is that it was made up of rural and small-town Protestants from the mid-west and south who were prejudice against the immigrant groups in the big cities. The strongest opponents to prohibition were German-American brewers, so it was no surprise that anti-German sentiment during WWI helped sway the national opinion towards Prohibition.
Part II shows America under Prohibition. Interestingly enough, many people (including politicians who voted for the amendment) expected beer and wine to be permitted under Prohibition. The Anti-Saloon League under Wayne Wheeler are able to influence the drafting of the Volstead Act which enforced Prohibition by banning all beverages with more than one-half of one-percent alcohol. There were many loopholes such as people who stocked up before the ban or those who could get prescriptions for medicinal alcohol. While many in the heartland were pleased to abstain, places like New York City exploded with illegal importation and distilling of liquors. These illegal activities were soon consolidated under organized crime bosses whose territorial battles contributed to notorious violence.
Part III illustrates the growing awareness that the levels of hypocrisy and unintended consequences of Prohibition, ultimately leading to repeal.
An interesting aspect of this documentary is it shows how the Prohibition story accompanies the increased role of women in American public life. The temperance movement was led by women. Mabel Walker Willebrandt enforced the Volstead Act in her duties as U.S. Assistant Attorney General. Lois Long documented the glamour and sexual liberation of speakeasy nightlife in her articles for the The New Yorker. And Pauline Sabin lead the political movement for repeal as head of the Women’s Organization for National Prohibition Reform.
Like Ken Burn’s other works, this was an excellent and informative documentary, richly illustrated with period photographs and films and words read from primary documents by actors and narrators. I learned a lot from this film.